Sicily- a place of great beauty, history, food and wine


A vineyard and Greek temple

By Victor Block

“You can steal my money but not my food.”  “If you want things to go exactly as planned, don’t come here.”

Those words spoken by my Overseas Adventure Travel tour guide in Sicily, who actually loves his homeland, tell a lot about it.

Yes, food is held in a place of near reverence.  Plans don’t always work out, and the locals have learned to go with the flow.

Residents of the triangular-shaped Italian island exhibit a friendliness and self-deprecating humor that make them one reason to visit.   Others include archaeological and architectural treasures, intriguing history and Mother Nature’s magnificent handiworks.

One surprise is how much diversity exists in such a small space.  Packed into an area about the size of Massachusetts, Sicily offers variety equal to that found in entire continents.

Invaders and settlers from many places and civilizations have dropped by, leaving behind tangible evidence of their stay along with influences on the culture and lifestyle.

For visitors, the first impression relates to the assortment of architectural riches.  By about 750 B.C. the island was home to three Phoenician and a dozen Greek colonies.  Later much of it fell into Roman hands.  Others who held sway over Sicily included the Germanic Vandals, Berbers and Arabs, Normans and the Byzantine Empire.  Reminders of their stays abound.

While the capital of Palermo lacks the magnificence of major cities around the world,    beneath its jumble of nondescript buildings hides a wealth of architectural gems, interesting museums and other attractions.

The Teatro Massimo (Greatest Theatre), which opened in 1897, is a reminder that hundreds of small opera houses once were sprinkled throughout the city. The ornate building is the third largest opera house in Europe, after those in Paris and Vienna.  If it looks familiar to visitors that’s because of its role in the Godfather Part III movie.

Drama of another kind plays out in three sprawling outdoor fruit, vegetable and fish markets, which are leftover vestiges of 9th century Arab souks. Crowds of people mill around the stands, as many looking as buying. Vendors alternate entreaties to passers-by to stop and shop with good-natured jibes they shout about their competitors.

Food plays a major role in a visit to Sicily, because it plays a big part in the lives of Sicilians.   Mealtimes are as much a celebration of the cuisine as a time for eating.

Given its fertile land and sunny climate, Sicily served as the granary for the Roman Empire.  The long history of producing a variety of noted cuisines, influenced by those of Greece, Africa and the Arab world among others, has earned it the nickname of “God’s kitchen.”  In this gastronomically rich setting, every region has its specialties which are touted by those who cook, and consume them as il migliore (“the best”).

That sense of pride also extends to wine, not surprising given Sicily’s 2500 year past as a center of viniculture. Italy ranks first in the world in the volume of wine produced, and Sicily does its part to contribute to that standing.

Despite its small size, Sicily’s varied landscapes provide a dramatic setting.  Deep valleys rise up to rocky mountaintops. Fields and rolling hills are blanketed by the silver-green leaves of olive trees, low-lying grape vines and golden wheat.

The natural beauty of Sicily vies for attention with its treasure-trove of man-made architectural gems that span many centuries. The story of the island’s long history is told by its archaeological riches.

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Sicily is known for their outdoor markets.
The Villa Romana del Casale